European Nightcrawler Cocoons (Worm Eggs)                                                              EUROPEAN NIGHTCRAWLERS  (ENC) 

                A bit of information about the European NightCrawler (ENC)  (Dendrobaena veneta now also called Eisenia hortensis)

Our entire breeding stock is imported from Europe in 2018!!

European night crawlers have lots of characteristics that make them suitable for the worm farm in diverse climates.  They can tolerate temperatures between 35 F to 95 F but do best in temperatures between 60 F and 75 F.  European Nightcrawlers (ENCs) are used as composting and bait worms and food for some exotic pets.   Due to their voracious appetites and ability to quickly reproduce European Nightcrawlers are great composting worms and will quickly turn compost and waste into “black gold”. 

The European Nightcrawler is also known as Eisenia hortensis, the Belgium Nightcrawler or super red. This composting worm and fishing bait worm is a cousin of the Red Wiggler but is much larger.  ENCs will grow to over twice the size of red-worms, often reaching four to five inches or more. We do sell some of the castings but use a huge amount in our garden.

It is a great composting worm but is also a great bait worm due to its larger size,  ability to live longer on the hook and its  tolerance to salt water.  You can easily raise your own bait and save your money for new fishing tackle. Fishermen love them as they tolerate warm, cold and brackish water and are very lively.

Add Europeans to your indoor compost bin or outdoor compost pile.  Europeans are easy to raise; just keep in mind that if you want them to attain their potential size you will need to feed them grain, preferably rice flour supplemented with well AGED manure and veggie and non-citrus fruit scraps.  IMPORTANT!  Make sure they are do NOT become crowded.  You will need to divide them into several new bins as they multiply.  They need space to grow.  If crowded they will NOT grow to full size.  Here is some helpful information on
raising European Nightcrawlers.

The voracious appetite of the ENC makes them ideal for the compost bin and for making worm castings (worm poop).  ENCs get much larger than red wigglers. True to their size they eat a lot more than red worms, their smaller cousin. Some estimate they eat half their body weight each day.  This is an interesting link to a video by Cornell University: Vermicompost a Living Soil Amendment.   To purchase European Nightcrawlers  click here.

 ENCs reproduce and grow quickly.  Newly hatched ENCs reach sexual maturity quickly, in about 13 weeks..  Mature ENCs produce an average of one to 3 cocoons in a week. Each cocoon may have from one to three hatchlings, so your worm farm population can double every three months. Keep in mind with any worm breed factors such as food, temperature, population levels and moisture levels may greatly influence reproduction rates. Here are some basic guidelines  for hatching cocoons.

Put European nightcrawlers in a compost bin and watch your scraps of fruits and vegetables disappear. ENCs are fairly easy to feed and care for.  However, remember in order to keep a healthy worm farm there are some
basic guidelines  for feeding ENCs.

 We use these worms in our compost bin and use the composted material in our garden along with their worm castings.  These pictures were taken of tomato, zucchini and cucumber plants in our garden.  We credit the compost and castings for the plants vigor.  These are recent photos of our European Nightcrawlers, as you can see they would not sit still for the camera.


These photo taken on the same day this spring were sent by our customer, George, Miami, FL.  Both pots of lettuce were planted at the same


           Lettuce seedlings with worm castings added:                                         Lettuce seedlings without worm castings added:

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